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The ability to govern a country is quite rare. As a result, they are remembered by their contemporaries, honored, and learned from their activities.
Any actions of great politicians affected millions of people, changing the fate and appearance of the state. One thing is for sure - a politician must be charismatic in order to lead.
And in order to influence society, it is not necessary to be at the very top of power. At the same time, it will be useful to remember their most famous phrases.
Mohandas "Mahatma" Gandhi (1869-1948) It was largely thanks to this man that India was able to rid itself of centuries of British rule. Gandhi's work was based on his philosophy of non-violence, or satyagraha. The politician abandoned armed struggle, as many others would have done in his place, in favor of a peaceful one. As a result, a powerful movement of supporters of non-violent change emerged in the country. The struggle for independence was waged through peaceful resistance. Gandhi called on Indians to boycott English institutions and goods, the citizens of the country even defiantly violated some laws. Caste inequality, which became the scourge of Indian society, became the subject of Gandhi's struggle. He talked about the need to get rid of untouchability not only from temples, but also from other spheres of life. Today the name of this politician is revered in India no less than some saints. Gandhi became the spiritual leader of the nation, dedicated his entire life to reconcile the religious strife that was tearing the country apart. Sadly, but it was the violence against which the politician fought that caused his death. Gandhi is credited with the following words: "The world is large enough to satisfy the needs of any person, but too small to satisfy human greed" and "If you want a change in the future, become this change in the present."
Alexander the Great (356-323 BC). This king of Macedonia and the creator of a great empire is better known as one of the most successful generals in world history. But his political activities are often forgotten. But it was he who created a new great state, which is located on three continents, covering an area of more than two million square miles. The empire stretched from Greece in the West to the Danube in the north, with the southern border in Egypt and the eastern border in Indian Punjab. The whole country was united by a single trade and transport network. At the same time, the emperor managed to found more than 70 new cities. Alexander introduced a common and common Greek culture and language to his empire, and he himself did not hesitate to study the customs and mores of other peoples in order to manage them more easily. For his own army, the emperor was an unsurpassed genius and strategist. He was an example of behavior for soldiers, instilling in them an invincible spirit. Even in his time, in antiquity, no one doubted that Alexander the Great was the greatest commander. Even then he was nicknamed the Great. But Napoleon Bonaparte bowed more to the state talents of the emperor than to his military exploits. For example, in Egypt, Alexander paid a visit to the sacred oracle in the country, Amon, which endeared the inhabitants to him. In addition, he left the former governors to rule the country, expelling the hated Persians and organizing festivities. Alexander, in fact the invader of Egypt, was able to become an idol there. The following phrases are attributed to the great politician and commander: “There cannot be two suns in heaven and two rulers on earth”, “Wars depend on glory, and often a lie that is believed becomes true”, “There is nothing more slavish than luxury and bliss , and nothing more regal than labor. "
Mao Zedong (1893-1976). This Chinese politician of the last century also became the main theorist of Maoism. Mao joined the Chinese Communist Party when he was young, and in the 1930s he headed a district in Jiangxi Province. During the Great March, Mao managed to become one of the leaders of the country's party. In 1949, the People's Republic of China was proclaimed, and Mao Zedong became its actual leader until the very end of his life. The rule of the leader is considered to be contradictory. On the one hand, he was able to industrialize the country, raising the living standards of the poorest segments of the population. Mao managed to unite China, including Inner Mongolia, Tibet and East Turkestan. But these lands had the right to self-determination even after the collapse of the Qing empire. But we must not forget about the numerous repressions that were condemned not only in the capitalist countries, but also in the socialist ones. Even the cult of the leader's personality arose in the country. The hardest legacy of a politician's rule is the crippled fate of millions of people who have suffered from violent and sometimes meaningless campaigns. The Cultural Revolution alone claimed the lives of up to 20 million Chinese, and another 100 million suffered from it. In 1949, Mao took power in a fragmented, underdeveloped and corrupt country. And he left China a powerful independent and possessing atomic weapons. Illiteracy in the country fell from 80% to 7%, the population and life expectancy doubled. The most famous phrases of Mao Zedong are: “The enemy will not disappear by itself”, “It is necessary to work with exceptional diligence. Negligence is unacceptable, it often leads to mistakes "," What is conceivable is realizable "," A person who has felt the wind of change should not build a shield against the wind, but a windmill. "
Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965). This statesman and politician defined life in Britain and much of the world during difficult times. Churchill was the prime minister of this country in 1940-1945 and 1951-1955. He is also known as a journalist and writer. The Englishman entered the "Big Three", which determined the fate of the world after the end of the Second World War. It was he who largely made the world as we know it today. Churchill became the brightest British politician of the last century, he managed to be in power under six monarchs - from Queen Victoria to her great-great-granddaughter Elizabeth II. There is simply no point in listing Churchill's life achievements - he managed to become talented in everything. For his political activities, he was made an honorary citizen of the United States, and his literary works were awarded the Nobel Prize. Churchill's political career began even before the First World War. The Englishman had already fought by that time. And at the end of his career, Churchill managed to visit the tests of the atomic bomb, the weapon of the New World. The politician's appearance was unchanged - a bowler hat, a cane and a cigar. He was also an excellent diplomat, artist and even a gardener on his own estate. A BBC poll in 2002 found that the British named Churchill the greatest Briton in history. In 1955 he left big politics, living the rest of his days in peace. Churchill's political portrait was based on his commitment to democracy and total hatred of the dictatorship. It is no coincidence that he said that "Democracy is the most terrible form of government, but mankind has not come up with anything better." That is why Churchill's attitude towards the USSR was extremely restrained; this politician coined the term "iron curtain" and stood at the origins of the "cold war". Other great phrases of Churchill are as follows: “If the truth is multifaceted, then the lie is many-voiced”, “Every medal not only shines, but also casts a shadow,” “Man has expanded his power over everything except himself,” “First you need to be honest, and then - noble ”,“ To improve means to change, to be perfect means to change often ”.
Nelson Mandela (1918-2013). This man went down in history as the first black president of South Africa. He held this post from 1994 to 1999. Mandela was one of the country's most prominent apartheid human rights activists. He began his political career for equality between white and black people while still in college. In 1944, Mandela co-founded the African National Congress (ANC) Youth League. In South Africa, the politician pursued his line by organizing acts of sabotage and armed resistance to the authorities. For this, Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment. At the trial, he made a brilliant speech in which he said that he was on trial for striving to build a democratic state in South Africa with equal rights for all citizens. Mandela gained world fame while in solitary confinement in a prison. A campaign in defense of a democratic politician swept across the world, demands for his release grew into a struggle against the entire policy of apartheid. After the legalization of the ANC in 1990, Mandela was released. In 1993 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Today the elder is no longer engaged in active affairs. Mandela was able to peacefully, simply by his irreconcilable position, destroy one of the most monstrous regimes on the planet. At the same time, neither revolutions, nor wars, nor social upheavals were needed. Everything happened through fair parliamentary elections. The birthday of the politician is celebrated all over the world as International Nelson Mandela Day. Mandela's reign was short but flamboyant. Under him, free medical care for children was introduced, 2 million people received electricity, 3 million - access to water, he increased spending on education and social needs. Mandela owns such famous phrases: “To be free means not just to throw off the shackles, but to live, respecting and multiplying the freedom of others”, “When you climb a high mountain, you will see a huge number of mountains that you have yet to climb”, “ One of the highest achievements for a person is to fulfill his duty, not paying attention to the consequences. "
Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865). This American statesman was the 16th President of the United States. He held this post from 1861 until his death. Lincoln became the first Republican president. He is considered to be a national hero in America, because this man went down in the history of the country as a liberator of slaves. Lincoln occupies an important place in the American mind. He was able to prevent the collapse of the United States, and under him the formation of the American nation began. And slavery, as a crutch, hindering the further normal development of the United States, was abolished. Lincoln laid the foundations for the modernization of the country's southern states, formerly backward and agricultural. Under him, the emancipation of slaves began. Lincoln owns the main formulation of democratic goals: "To create government by the people, from the people and for the people." Lincoln was able to lay a railroad across the continent, linking the coasts of two oceans. He expanded the state infrastructure, created a new banking system, and was able to solve the agrarian problem. After the end of the Civil War, the government faced many problems. It was necessary to unite the nation and equalize the rights of the population. Lincoln started doing this, but some problems remain. The President was able to lay the foundations for the future of America, after his death, the United States became the fastest growing country in the world. This determined its current world domination, which has lasted for a century. Lincoln's strict moral principles allowed him to mobilize all the forces of a disparate country and reunite it. Lincoln's most famous phrases: “Whoever denies the freedom of another does not deserve freedom himself”, “People who have no flaws have very few merits”, “You can fool the whole people for a while, you can fool a part of the people all the time, but you cannot deceive all all the time ”,“ Sheep and wolf understand the word “freedom” differently. This is the essence of the disagreements prevailing in human society "," The politician reminds me of the man who killed his father and mother, and then, when he is sentenced, he asks to be spared on the grounds that he is an orphan "," Character is like a tree, and reputation is his shadow. We care about the shade, but we really have to think about the tree. "
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945). This is the only president in the history of the United States who was elected to this high post as many as 4 times. Roosevelt became the 32nd ruler of the country, at the pinnacle of power from 1933 to 1945. The main phrase of the politician: "We have nothing to fear, except the fear itself." Roosevelt repeated these words often when it came to the Great Depression and its consequences. The politician was not afraid to start up experiments at that difficult time, he was constantly looking for new methods of solving problems. These were public works, social security, codes of fair competition, assistance to the unemployed and farmers, price controls. It was Roosevelt who was at the heart of the creation of the UN. The President, through his activities, significantly influenced world history - after all, under him, the United States passed relatively successfully through the Second World War. The politician had a very great influence on the socio-economic life of the country, because he had to fight the consequences of the Great Depression that hit the United States in the 30s. The politician's biographers recalled that he was a rather secretive nature, which was difficult to understand. On his face was a mask of complacency and secrecy, which Roosevelt was content with. The most famous words of the president were: “I ask you to judge me by the enemies I have acquired”, “I am not the smartest guy in the world, but I know how to select smart employees”, “Rules are not always sacred, unlike principles”, “ Hungry unemployed people are cadres for the dictatorship ”,“ Don't go into politics if your skin is slightly thinner than that of a rhinoceros ”.
Akbar the Great (1542-1605). This padishah belonged to the Mughal dynasty, his distant ancestor was Tamerlane himself. Akbar was nicknamed "Indian Solomon in his wisdom". This padishah was able to significantly expand the borders of his country. He conquered the north of Hindustan, including Gujerat, Kashmir and the Indus lands. As a commander, he was a successful and valiant warrior who was distinguished by generosity towards the vanquished. But Akbar went down in history as a wise politician. He avoided unnecessary bloodshed, often pursuing his goals through peace negotiations, dynastic marriages and alliances. Akbar went down in history as a connoisseur of sciences and art, with him the best poets, musicians, scientists and artists constantly visited the palace. The ruler was able to create a school of painting and a valuable library, which contained 24 thousand volumes. Akbar introduced a unified taxation system, and in the event of a crop failure, funds were not collected. The tax on non-Muslims has also been abolished. A single system of measures and weights, a single calendar, appeared in the empire, and a lot of attention was paid to trade. The main task of Akbar the Great was to reconcile all the numerous peoples inhabiting his sprawling state. Padishah stayed in power for almost 50 years, becoming a ruler at the age of 14. Under him, a huge empire, under the supervision and care of its padishah, reached its peak, which had not been there either before or after.Akbar went down in history as the Great. This wise ruler was able to unite various nations. His ideas of the unity of all religions are still relevant today.
Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013). This woman is the most famous among politicians. She was the only one who was the Prime Minister of Great Britain. She held this post from 1979 to 1990. All this time, she was the most powerful woman in the world. As a politician, Thatcher was a strong person, but honest. She was not afraid to be stubborn, but she could enter the position of her rival. This woman was ambitious, she was distinguished by equanimity and composure in all situations. In a male-oriented political elite, Thatcher was able to achieve the very pinnacle of power. For this, she devoted her whole life to the struggle and striving for this goal. Career Margaret went in small steps, because she came from a poor class. It seemed impossible for a person from that environment, and even a woman, to achieve high goals. Thatcher accomplished the impossible - the daughter of the owner of a small store, who grew up in a house without running water, was able to break into male politics and take the post of Prime Minister of Great Britain. Thatcher came to power when the country was in dire need of reforms. During her reign, GDP grew by 23%, employment by 33%, and spending on law and order by 53%. She reduced unemployment and introduced tax reforms. Thatcher's foreign policy was focused on the United States. The prime minister supported Reagan's initiatives regarding the USSR. The woman was not afraid to start a war for the Falkland Islands, defending the position and prestige of Great Britain. It is no coincidence that Thatcher was nicknamed the "Iron Lady" for her firmness and integrity. She is credited with the following words: "Any woman who understands the problems that arise when running a house can understand the problems that arise when running a country", "I am extremely patient, provided that in the end it comes out in my opinion", "Women are much they know how to say “no” better than men, “It is not at all necessary to agree with the interlocutor in order to find a common language with him”, “Free cheese is only in a mousetrap”.
Qin Shi Huang Ti (259-210 BC). This great ruler of the Qin kingdom. Shih Huang's dignity is called his activity to end the centuries-old history of the warring Chinese kingdoms. In 221 BC. he was able to create a centralized state in Inner China, becoming its sole ruler. In a massive campaign to unify the country, important reforms were implemented to consolidate the gains made. The emperor proclaimed that all chariots should be of the same length, and all hieroglyphs should be written in a standard way. As a result of such positions, a single system of roads was created in the country, and the scattered writing system was replaced by a single one. The emperor also introduced a unified monetary system, a system of measures and weights. To suppress local tendencies towards sovereignty, Qin Shi Huang divided his empire into 36 military districts. The walls that surrounded the former kingdoms were torn down. Only their northern part remained, fortifying them, the Great Wall of China was erected, which protected the country from the raids of nomads. Shihuang Ti was rarely in the capital, constantly traveling around the country. The emperor's authority was so great that a huge burial complex was built in his honor during his lifetime. It was built by 700 thousand people, and the perimeter of the burial was 6 kilometers. It is curious that, unlike his predecessors, the emperor refused human sacrifice. The tomb was found only in 1974, it is still being studied. There was a whole terracotta army of 8,099 soldiers.
Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970). This French general managed to turn from a brilliant military man into an equally talented politician. Charles de Gaulle founded the Fifth Republic, becoming its first president in 1959. The general was renowned for his leadership of the French Resistance during the Second World War. During his life, he managed to become a real symbol of freedom of France, as Jeanne D'Arc once was. In fact, Charles de Gaulle twice took control of the country. Every time she was on the brink of disaster, the politician restored her international prestige and put the economy in order. In foreign policy, France has turned into an independent player, sharply withdrawing from the influence of the United States. Much is said not only about the merits of de Gaulle the politician, but also about his mistakes. Surprisingly, this talented military theorist did not participate in any historically important battle. Nevertheless, he managed to save France from defeat. The military man, not familiar with the economy, was able to effectively manage the country and bring it out of the crisis during two presidential terms. The point is that de Gaulle knew how to effectively manage the affairs entrusted to him - whether it was a rebel committee or the government of a large country. The most famous words of de Gaulle were: "Politics is too serious a matter to trust its politicians", "Always choose the most difficult path - there you will not meet competitors", "The deep motive for the activity of the best and most powerful people is their desire for power." ...