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Identifying the best coaches is not easy. They say that he simply did not interfere with the play of his stars.
But the best coaches were often deprived of trophies. Their revolutionary approach to the game made it what we know it today.
Rinus Michels (1928-2005). This coach is known as the father of total football. This style was used by the Dutch national team with such players as Cruyff, van Hanegem and Neeskens during the 1974 World Cup. Michels instilled in his team a dominant and attacking style of play, in which trapping the opponent's attackers in offside position (artificial offside) played an important role. The Dutchman's coaching career began in his native Ajax, for which he also played as a player. With him, the club became the champion 4 times, and in 1971 also the best team in Europe. Michels came to the club when he was on the verge of being kicked out of the league. And he left him the best team in Europe. Then there was Barcelona and the 1974 championship. From the same year Michels became the head of the Dutch national team. The team showed brilliant football at the World Cup. Argentina was defeated 4: 0, Brazil 2: 0. In the final, everyone considered Holland the favorite, but the team seemed to be replaced. The Germans became the champion. The third arrival in the national team finally brought results. At the 1988 European Championship, the Dutch, despite the defeat in the first match from the USSR 0: 1, crushed everyone. In the final, the offender was defeated 2: 0. Van Basten, Gullit, Rijkaard shone in that team. However, no one doubted that success was achieved only thanks to the tactics of Michels. The coach was also tough and demanding, so conflicts with the players were commonplace. But it was Michels who created the foundations of modern tactics and introduced the universalization of players.
Elenio Herrera (1910-1997). Herrera's influence on football is pointless to deny. True, not everyone would like to see the game the way this Argentinian did it. The reason is that the coach is credited with creating the "catenaccio" defense scheme. For a long time it has become the hallmark of Italian football. According to her, the main focus was on a rich defense. Herrera forced his teams to commit many minor tactical fouls. He instilled a sharp counterattacking style. His teams often won 1-0. Herrera's career flourished during his stay at Inter Milan in 1960-1968. By that time, he had already won 4 championships in Spain. In Italy, the coach led his team to the championship three times, won the Champions Cup and the Intercontinental Cup twice. Herrera's career also included such well-known clubs as Athletic, Barcelona, the Spanish and Italian national teams, Roma. It was Herrera who demonstrated to the whole world that it is possible to achieve success without numerous stars with the help of carefully considered tactics.
Herbert Chapman (1878-1934). It was Chapman who shaped the image of the modern football coach-manager. Then the composition of the team for the game was chosen by a whole committee. Chapman demanded full control over the matter. He introduced not only new tactical schemes, he significantly diversified the area around football. So the Englishman introduced the strictest training regime. He was the first to use special massage therapists and physiotherapists in his team. After FIFA introduced the offside rules, Chapman instilled in his team a new tactical scheme of 3-2-5 or “double-ve”. The coach got his first serious experience at Leeds. However, the formation was prevented by the First World War. That team lacked stars from the skies, failing even to reach the elite division. However, Chapman markedly improved the underdog's play by increasing attendance. Then there was Huddersfield and two championships. But Chapman showed himself best of all at Arsenal. At the time of his arrival there it was an outsider who had not won a single trophy. In the first year, the coach brought the club to second place. In the 1929/1930 season, the team won the FA Cup. In the championship, Arsenal became the middle peasant. Chapman was looking for the best combination of players and tactics. In the seasons 1930/1931 and 1932/1933, his team became the champion. At the end of 1933, while watching the match of the future opponent, the coach caught a cold and died of pneumonia. For the next two seasons, Arsenal again became the champion without their creator. It is difficult to overestimate the merits of Chapman. He not only created the English grandee, but also created the image of a modern coach. Champen was the first to dare to invite black and foreign players. He began to promote the idea of artificial lighting, which was only allowed 20 years after his death. Chapman introduced white balls and began to write the numbers of football players on their shirts. The legendary tradition of teams entering the FA Cup final together is also a merit of the Englishman.
Ernst Happel (1925-1992). Happel's player career was brilliant - he won the Austrian championship six times, took part in two world championships. Since 1962, Happel has been coaching other teams. His main talent was that he was able to reveal the best qualities of his players. Curiously, Happel has coached clubs outside of his native Austria for almost his entire career. The number of titles he won is amazing. He has won the championship eight times in Holland, Belgium, Germany and Austria. With the Dutch national team, Happel reached the final of the World Cup in 1978. The Austrian created a style of play based on constant pressure on the opponent. His teams have always sought to dictate the course of the game. Happel became the first coach in history to win the Champions Cup with two different teams. First it was Feyenoord in 1970 and then Hamburg in 1983. Between these events, there was also an exit to the final with Belgian Brugge in 1978. Many memoirs have been written about Happel. Players recall that he quickly gained authority in the team by being able to complete his most difficult tasks. The coach knew how to beat any team, using its strengths and weaknesses. Happel did not hesitate to play number two, setting up ingenious defensive traps and conducting lightning-fast counterattacks. The coach is often compared to Michels. The Austrian is reproached for a more defensive game, that he did not win anything against the national teams. Nevertheless, Happel is great in its own way. The coach won many battles, losing the most important one - for his health. Even when it became clear that he was terminally ill with cancer, Ernst continued to coach his national team, joking, smoking cigarettes and drinking a lot. The best stadium in his native Austria was named after Happel.
Matt Busby (1909-1994). Manchester United have long been a legend alongside their current coach Alex Fergusson. But before him most of all, the club was coached by Matt Busby. He was at the head of the "red devils" from 1945 to 1969, as well as 1970-1971. It was this coach who created the two great Manchester teams. Each of them cultivated an attacking style of football. In the 1950s, Busby created a surprisingly young team hungry for victory. Players such as Bobby Charlton and Duncan Edwards have become the jewels of the club. The team was nicknamed the "Busby Babes". They managed to win three championship titles, swinging to the European peaks. But in 1958, a plane with football players crashed in Munich. Most of the squad died, the coach himself received numerous injuries, but survived. Busby returned to the club to build a new team. In the seasons 1964/65 and 1965/66 there were no teams in England equal to Manchester United. In 1968, the team won the Champions Cup for the first time in its history. That line-up gave Europe three Ballon d'Or laureates - Bobby Charlton, Dennis Lowe and George Best. There were no other clubs in Busby's coaching career. After his retirement, he was director of United, and then its president. The coach became a knight of Britain and received the title of sir, and the road to the club stadium is named after him.
Arrigo Sacchi (1946-). This Italian coach has shown that success in the coaching field can be achieved without a previous bright career as a football player. Parents wondered how Arrigo preferred the coaching path to a career at his father's factory. First, there were amateur and youth teams. In the summer of 1987, the promising coach attracted the attention of the Milan owner, Berlusconi. Sacchi showed himself only in the first-league Parma. But his team was young and aggressive. At that time, Italian football was mired in catenaccio. The game was rolling towards a boring 1: 0 score. And Sakki adhered to a completely opposite style. He immediately instilled in Milan the 4-4-2 style, which implied combinational speed play. In 1988 Milan became champions, in 1989 and 1990 the club also won two Champions Cups and Intercontinental Cups. In 1989, Sakki was named the best coach in the world. However, the relationship in the club did not work out - Berlusconi tried to participate as much as possible in the life of the clubs, constantly quarreling with the coach. Sakki himself turned out to be very demanding of his charges, not hesitating to criticize them through the press. Arrigo's training brought the stars to exhaustion, but he himself demanded from his wards maximum automatism in actions and clear coordination. From 1991 to 1996, Sacchi led the Italian national team. The team led by him was constantly under fire for the expressionless play. Even the second place in the 1994 World Cup was rated as a failure. Sakki's further career began to decline. His last club was Parma in 2001. But my health did not allow me to stay there for more than three games. Sakki is currently broadcasting sports on radio and television. But it is with his name that the successes of Milan and Italian football of that period are connected. In addition, he actually revived the game, taking it out of the swamp of defensive structures.
Johan Cruyff (1947-). This is the only person to become a legendary player and coach. This coach's ideas are largely based on the legacy of another great Dutchman, Michels. In the entire history of the game, there has not been a greater adherent of the attacking game than Cruyff. Ball possession was central to his football philosophy. In the 1980s, the emphasis was on physics and wrestling, and Cruyff just hated it. He urged his players not to uselessly launch the ball forward and then fight for it. Cruyff's ideas are based on playing a combination game so that the ball does all the work. Cruyff's career as a coach began with his own Ajax. In the championship, the club did not achieve success, but the team played much better cup battles. Twice Cruyff won the national cup, in 1987 the Cup Winners' Cup, then the Super Cup. The attacking glances of the young coach attracted the Barcelona bosses. It was there that Cruyff showed himself, instilling in the team her signature and recognizable style. That team won the national championship four times. She became the first winner in 1992 and a finalist in the 1994 Champions Cup. In 1989, Cruyff won the Cup Winners' Cup again. Mikael Laudrup, Hristo Stoichkov, Ronald Koeman and Jose Guardiola shone on his team. The Catalans call that team the dream team. It goes Cruyff's become the philosophy of the clubs. The current Barcelona, led by Cruyff's apprentice Guardiola, is widely called the best team in football history. The Dutchman instilled a spectacular attacking and combination football, in which even defenders score a lot. Cruyff himself hasn't been coaching anyone since 1996. However, he remains an important behind-the-scenes figure for both Ajax and the Catalan club. The Dutchman's opinion is in many ways defining for them.
Bela Gutman (1900-1981). This coach has traveled around the world a lot, coaching not only in Europe, but also in Brazil and Uruguay. In few places Gutman stayed for a long time, but he was able to collect an impressive collection of titles. The pinnacle of his career was his work at Benfica and two victories in the Champions Cup in 1961 and 1962. Gutman was the product of the Scottish system that the English missionary Jimmy Hogan instilled in the Austrians and Hungarians. Unlike traditional English, where you had to hit the ball and run after it, this tactic involved short passing and finding the ball on the ground. Gutman adhered to this philosophy all his life, building on it his dynamic and attacking tactics. Until 1953, this Hungarian Jew had already trained many clubs. Then he was called to Milan. In February 1955, Gutman was fired from there, although the club was in first place. This came as a shock to the coach. Since then, he has always included in his contract a clause according to which he could not be fired in the event of the leadership of his club. Coaching the Hungarian "Honved" Gutman goes with the club on an international tour. There was a difficult political situation in the homeland, so the players did not seek to return home. So Gutman got to Brazil, where he headed the "Sao Paulo". In Honveda, and then in South America, the coach began to practice the revolutionary 4-2-4 tactics. She will be adopted by the Brazilian national team, which will bring her the championship in 1958. Bela returned to Europe that year. He won the championship with Porto, then moved to another Portuguese grand, Benfica. There he managed to create a team that became one of the best on the continent. The incomparable Eusebio shone in Benfica. The club was the one who managed to break the hegemony of Real Madrid in Europe. Gutman, offended by an unworthy salary, left Benfica, predicting that it would not win the Champions Cup for the next hundred years. Since then, the team has reached the finals of the most prestigious tournament five times, but lost each time. Then there was Uruguay, a career in the late 60s began to decline. The coach-fidget, not afraid to speak the truth in the face, forever entered the list of the greatest.
Valery Lobanovsky (1939-2002). The work of this legendary Soviet and Ukrainian coach was recognized by the whole world. It was he who embodied the national school of football in the 70s and 80s. And the coach's stone impenetrable face later became his hallmark. Over the years of his coaching career, Lobanovsky's main achievements are associated with the name of Dynamo Kiev. The club's stadium is named after the coach. The first arrival at the club took place in 1973. Lobanovsky immediately began to introduce new training methods based on a scientific approach. A special group calculated the loads, could predict the peak of the players' form. Psychological and physiological tests made it possible to better know the capabilities of the players. An innovative approach quickly yielded results. Dynamo Kiev won the Cup Winners' Cup in 1974, and then in the match with Bayern and the European Super Cup. The next climb was in 1986, when Dynamo again won the Cup Winners' Cup. At the same time, at the World Championship, the USSR national team under the leadership of Lobanovsky and created on the basis of "Dynamo" showed a brilliant game, but due to referee errors they dropped out already in the 1/8 finals. In 1988, the USSR national team was able to win silver at the European Championship. The game shown then by Soviet footballers was considered a benchmark. Lobanovsky's views on the development of football have been borrowed by many modern coaches.Dynamo Kiev itself gave Europe two Golden Ball holders - Oleg Blokhin and Igor Belanov. Another pupil of the coach, Andriy Shevchenko, became the best player in Europe already in Milan. In 1999, Dynamo again managed to surprise Europe by reaching the Champions League semi-finals. The close-knit team was able to defeat Barcelona with a total score of 7: 0. Eight times Lobanovsky won the title of champion of the USSR, five more times he won in Ukraine. His collection includes 6 USSR cups and 3 Ukrainian Cups. In 2002, right on the coaching bench, Lobanovsky suffered a stroke, due to the consequences of which he died 5 days later. Lobanovsky's ideas are alive in Europe, his students are actively working in Ukraine, using the master's achievements.
Brian Cluff (1936-2004). This coach has become one of the main game theorists in history. His strength lay in the fact that he knew how to use the best features of his players. He is the first manager since Herbert Chapman to win the English Championship with two different clubs. What's even more surprising is that Cuff managed to do this not with the giants, but with the provincial Derby County and Nottingham Forrest. The latter was generally in the swamp of the second English league when Cluff took over the club. But the coach went further, he also managed to win the European Cup with his "Nottingham" in 1979 and 1980. This is the most incredible breakthrough in the history of this competition. The football shown by Cluff's players was uninspiring. It was based on physical strength and a desire to win. But the fact that this has brought a result cannot but deserve respect. Cluff showed that even without stars, big wins can be achieved. The coach showed how much faith in yourself means. For example, when he came to Derby, he declared that he was the best coach in the world. And Cluff quickly proved it by winning the championship and reaching the Champions Cup semi-finals. But the coach spent only 44 days at Leeds. During this time, he managed to christen the players charlatans, and their game is stupid and rotten. There are many legends about Klffe. They say that he became the country's champion in drinking beer, he poured witticisms and did not hesitate to beat naughty players. On May 1, 1993, Nottingham lost a home match and were eliminated from the elite division. It became clear that the coach's fate was sealed. The entire stadium chanted the name of the coach who gave the club great victories. Cluff himself cried, but not sad, but from the shame, which he had no strength left to fix.