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As you know, ignorance of the laws does not absolve from responsibility. This is exactly how, by chance, many cross the very line that separates ordinary action from crime.
With the advent of computers and mobile technologies in everyday life, people appeared and cyber criminals, respectively, and the number of those who frivolously broke the law has also increased. Let's talk about the twelve most widespread crimes related to information technology.
Viewing pornography on a mobile phone screen. Mobile phone cameras and screens allow you to film or simply watch porn anywhere. Recently, the number of bullies associated with the image of the genitals has increased. Thus, the "sexting" movement appeared, which is characterized by the fact that people shoot their genitals on camera and send these frames to everyone using MMS. In a number of American states, such actions are already illegal - not so long ago, several teenagers were arrested in Pennsylvania for sending obscene pictures.
Trolling. For many it is no longer enough to say nasty things to the people around them - after all, this way you can at least lose your interlocutor or friend, and as a maximum - get a physical rebuff. And the authorities are persecuting foul language and gossips. But online, these actions are much easier to perform. Most of the statements have nothing to do with reality. The Internet is full of rumors and gossip about the world of show business and politicians, but the law protects private individuals more strictly.
Conversations on the mobile while driving. Oftentimes, chatting on the phone in a restaurant or on the train can irritate other people. Many people use the opportunity to make a call while driving their vehicle. In many places such activities are prohibited. So, in five states of America it is forbidden to hold a phone to the ear (no one, however, bothers to use hands-free headsets), and ten states, moreover, are prohibited from dialing SMS while driving. This, incidentally, is even more dangerous for the driver and others. A similar ban came into effect in Ukraine.
Online piracy. This misfortune brings multimillion-dollar losses to copyright holders. Few people know, but songs, photos or downloadable videos are most often protected by copyright law. True, there is an exception to this rule. Thus, there is a joint license (Creative Commons license), which delineates the levels of copyright ownership. This makes it possible to use some of the materials for non-commercial purposes. In addition, many multimedia materials today are protected by DRM technology, which helps to comply with copyright.
Downloading TV spots from Yuotube. This action is also a violation of copyright. So, by downloading a TV show from the resource, you can break the law if the owner of YouTube, Google, does not have an appropriate license agreement with the copyright company. Despite the fact that many TV companies themselves have already begun to post their materials on the Internet, copyright protection on YouTube is still working.
Violation of the DRM protection mechanism. In this case, DRM is usually understood as any technology designed to prevent the creation of illegal copies, for example, DVD. There is always a curious person who can bypass the defense. However, it is worth remembering that this act is punishable by law.
Creation of sequels. Serials are very popular today. Fans are often unhappy with the ending or the lack of a sequel. So ideas are born to shoot your own version of your favorite movie. However, the publication of such a video on the Internet may entail claims from the studio, which will rigidly demand to destroy the lovingly created creative. The fact is that copyright applies not only to the plot, but also to characters and other details. In general, any elements of the plot are protected by the law. It is quite logical that authors usually forbid the use of their heroes for extraneous stories. True, there are those who do not want to complicate their life with squabbles and are allowed to use their favorite characters.
Cybersquatting. There is such a document as the "Cybesquotting Consumer Protection Act". According to it, owners of unique brands can protect their trademarks. To do this, they are given the opportunity to register a corresponding URL based on their name. Of course, you should first justify that this is done specifically for the development of the business, and not for counterfeiting an already existing company with a worldwide reputation. While parody sites with misspelled names such as amazn.com still exist, large organizations are going to fight this phenomenon.
Purchasing medicines on the Internet. Many, unable to legally purchase the necessary medicine in a pharmacy, turn their attention to the Internet. However, most likely it will not be possible to do this. After all, you still have to meet with a real person, who will write a prescription for the coveted prohibited medicine. In the United States, not so long ago, a law was passed that allowed pharmacies to sell prescription drugs only with a prescription from a real doctor after examining the patient. So, filling out a virtual form in an online pharmacy will not provide an opportunity to receive, for example, Vicodin.
The work of the paparazzi. In fact, you cannot take pictures of just anyone, for safety it is better to ask the object if you can do it, warning that the work may be sold. Of course, the fact of leaving home already means the loss of a part of personal freedom. But in the photo for the personal album of a group of tourists standing in front of the Colosseum, or their girlfriend on the beach, there is nothing prejudicial. But a large photo of someone else's child or a married couple, for the purpose of subsequent sale, must be accompanied by written permission, otherwise there may be trouble with the law.
Use of pirated software. Many believe that purchasing a disc with the program in a store already means the fact of purchasing it itself. In fact, you are acquiring, at best, a license to use it for certain purposes. At a minimum, such a program cannot be copied for other people on your own. In some countries, punishment for these acts is rather severe - in the United States you can go to prison for 5 years and pay a fine of up to $ 250,000, and in Malaysia and Singapore, the death penalty is generally provided as the maximum punishment. However, you should not be afraid, a fairly large part of illegal software is used in business, and it is there that huge fines are born. So using an illegal copy of Windows at home is unlikely to lead to the emergence of special services and subsequent arrest.
Sharing Internet Access. This action is usually not legal, but it can cause trouble with the provider. Usually a user purchases an Internet access service with a wide unlimited channel and it is implied (and is stipulated by the contract) that he does it personally for himself. But the provision of access to the channel through a wired or Wi-Fi connection to neighbors already violates the conditions for using the Internet. Such an action can be proved only in the case of mass and collective use of torrent trackers, in other cases it is difficult to prove.